Juvenile offender All rights reserved. These units and theories have been around and in use from as early as the twentieth century. CJ 102-02 1. During the 1970s and 1980s, the biology of crime was one of the focus and it was created to explain why criminal do not learn from their mistakes. However, they can also have the most sinister. Mednick thought that individuals should learn from his or her family and with peer groups to learn how to control the urge for criminal behavior and living an antisocial life. As a small child Bruce 's parents were brutally gunned down in front of him prompting him to don the cape and mask to rid Gotham city of injustice. Gall centered his theory on the basis that the brain is the organ of the mind, personality traits are located in specific parts of the brain, and the shape of the skull is indicative of personality. Criminology, or the study of the scientific factors behind criminal behavior, points to the answer of that. The trait theory suggests that individual personalities are composed of these broad dispositions. 2121 Words9 Pages. This scenario may be analysed through the two schools of Classical theory and Psychological Positivism, relating to the perpetual debate that has sparked the revisionist stream of criminological theories which has culminated in the conception and treatment of crime by the modern criminal, With the biosocial theory, the biological characteristic of an individual is only one part in the equation of behavior. Over, Criminal Behavior Varying theories such as rational choice theory, trait theory, and social structure theory are commonly used to explain why crime happens. The trait approach to personality is one of the major theoretical areas in the study of personality. Lombroso’s concept of “a born criminal” has a thesis about natural character and eternal existence of crime in human society. These characteristics include defiance, impulsiveness, hostility, resentment, suspicion, extroversion, distrust of authority, poor individual skills, mental instability, narcissism, and ambivalence.
A valid theory should always have the ability to predict future occurrences of the circumstance in question and also have the ability to be tested (Siegel, 2013). Outside factors such as the environment along with certain personality traits is what causes criminal behavior. Biosocial theory is about how criminal behavior is biological and psychological. On one hand, Cesare Lombroso, developmental criminology, these theories incorporate all the causative factors leading to criminal behavior in human beings in various stages of their lives. The other components are physical and social environment. Once possessed, a person was lured into sinful behavior.
However, there is no single psychological, biological, or sociological profile reliably associated with criminal behavior, and trait theories … Lombroso saw in the offender “characteristics of a primitive prehistoric man and animal” and developed his concept of “a born criminal” that is the basis for biological theories of crime in criminology. I will explain a little about each one, the differences and similarities between the three as well as which of these theories is most applicable to crimes committed today. Formal deviance includes criminal violations of laws. Individual traits by themselves cannot determine criminality. The Trait Theory is just as the name says- a theory of criminology that states that certain personality traits can predispose one to crime. Many theories have emerged over the years, and they continue to be explored, individually and in combination, as criminologists seek the best solutions in ultimately explaining what makes a person act the way they do and the causes for these actions. Application of these three theories in discussing the crimes of Richard Speck can help us to better understand which of the theories may apply and perhaps help give us insight into why he committed his crimes. Biological theory states that the individual will have certain traits will be transmitted from parent to children through genetics and not from social learning.
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